The main sources of ocean plastic
How did so much plastic enter the ocean? The main sources of this pollution may surprise you. Here are six facts to know about the sources of ocean plastic pollution.
- The main sources of ocean plastic pollution are land-based, including littering and improper waste management.
- Plastics take hundreds of years to decompose and persist in the oceans as microplastics or macro debris, damaging marine ecosystems.
- 80% of ocean plastic comes from just 20 countries around the world.
- Plastic has been found in all areas of our oceans with even the most remote locations affected by plastic pollution.
- Solutions to reduce plastics entering our oceans include reducing single-use plastics, increasing recycling efforts, and improving waste management infrastructure globally.
- Up to 95% of all plastic pollution in the world’s oceans is sourced from rivers. This devastating influx of waste has had a catastrophic effect on marine ecosystems and life, with an estimated over 30 million metric tons of plastic entering our seas each year. If we fail to act now, this crisis will only continue to worsen – further endangering marine species and drastically altering habitats for generations to come.